What is it?
Ushahidi is an open source platform enabling users to share
and crowdsource real time crisis information from multiple channels, including
SMS, Twitter, RSS feeds and email. The software was developed during the violence that
followed the December 2007 elections in Kenya.
The tool allows people to share vital information (mostly eyewitness accounts) on an online map or timeline during a crisis. Journalists can also use this information to produce news stories.
The tool was originally built to quickly spread information,
increase transparency and lower the barriers to sharing stories.
Recently, Ushahidi has developed additional tools to improve the quality of real time crisis reporting and storytelling, including SwiftRiver (filtering and verifying real-time data from Twitter, SMS and email) and Crowdmap (free hosting an open source platform to crowdsource information in crisis situations).
How does it work?
Ushahidi provides free software to
install on your own server to share short bursts of information in crisis
situations. The stories are uploaded by cell phone or laptop and visualized in
real time on a shared map or timeline.
People commonly use Ushahidi to share photos or brief messages of what is happening around them during a disaster or in an emergency situation.
The platform has been used for election
monitoring, crisis and emergency response during earthquakes, police violence,
community building, but also for non-urgent matters (e.g. "where to find the
best burger during the festival?").
Ushahidi democratizes access to information in
crisis situations: every post, text, photo and video is made visible on a map, empowering
people to use these primary sources to create their own multiple narratives.
Any community interested in sharing real time information can use the software to produce a timeline and visual map for sharing comments, observations and experiences.
Why did they make it?
is Swahili for "testimony" or "witness" and was developed in early 2008 during a
media blackout in the midst of Kenya’s post-election fallout. A team of Kenyan
bloggers and a software developer decided to create an "open street
map" platform to enable digital volunteers to aggregate, visualize and
share eyewitness accounts.
Through the platform, Kenyans across the country could share
and track reports of violence and peace efforts submitted via email and mobile
In crisis situations, social media are now faster than NGOs and
emergency managers, who run disaster-response efforts from centralized war
rooms and release updated reports every few hours.
In the video on top of the page, the Ushahidi founders discuss the origins of the Ushahidi platform, citing their goal of getting critical information out fast to those who need it most.
Why did we select it?
Ushahidi democratizes information by enabling the
diffusion of primary information - "many to many" instead of "one to many". Once the
voices of ordinary people are visualized on the platform, surprising new insights and patterns emerge
from multiple sources in real time.
Ushahidi also enables multiple narratives of the same story by making primary sources available to journalists and citizens. It contributes to better and more diverse information and promotes transparency and accountability.
The tool was originally built to quickly spread information, increase transparency and lower the barriers for sharing stories
The site has grown to become an
important global resource for (citizen) journalists in times of crisis. Mainstream media including Al Jazeera, The Guardian, BBC, ABC Queensland, Houston Chronicle, Chicago Sun-Times have engaged citizens in their official storytelling
using Ushahidi tools.
For instance, Al Jazeera used Ushahidi to
track violence in Gaza and to monitor the 2009 election in India. The
platform is also used to gather first hand reports about epidemics around the
globe, e.g. the swine flu outbreak.
In a fast-moving crisis situation, Ushahidi is now the tool of choice for mapping hard news, especially in areas with limited access, as was shown, for example, in the Philippines during the typhoon in the fall of 2013.
SwiftRiver provides tools for filtering and making sense of real-time information. It first gathers as many possible streams of data about a particular crisis event, then filters the data through both machine-based algorithms and humans to better understand the veracity and level of importance of every piece of information.
The Ushahidi team built Crowdmap for anyone who wants to easily run
their own crowdsourcing site. It collects streams of information from cell
phones, news, and the web, aggregates the information into a single platform,
and visualizes it on a map and timeline.
Map.occupy.net is an example of a citizen media project using Ushahidi software to create independent community storytelling.
RTreporter, a similar tool to SwiftRiver,
detects news on Twitter in real time via hashtags such as #forecasting
#alerting #Twitter for Newsroom, etc. There are many other free Twitter news
detecting platforms, but RTreporter focuses on how to facilitate the work of newsroom
Their goal is to help news organizations without a high level of resources to detect trends in social media to predict news that is not news yet. In the future the team plans to build a version for consumers and citizen journalists.